Cyperus scariosus, also known in English as cypriol and in Hindi as Nagarmotha, is a plant of the Cyperaceae family, that grows wild in the Madhya Pradesh region of India. Indigenous to India, Nagarmotha essential oil is extracted from the roots of Cyperus scariosus or Cyperus rotundus plant. The smell of cypriol oil is woody and earthy. It is a prized ingredient in perfumes that are made in India. Cyperus scariosus grows to about 2 1/2 feet, with a thin stem that is dark green in color. The major chemical components of this herb are essential oils, flavonoids, terpenoids, sesquiterpenes, cyprotene, cyperene, aselinene, rotundene, valencene, cyperol, gurjunene, trans-calamenene, cadalene, cyperotundone, mustakone, isocyperol, acyperone, etc.,
The main constituents are sesquiterpenes, sesquiterpene alcohols and sesquiterpene ketones.
Characteristics :- Cyperus rotundus is a perennial plant, that may reach a height of up to 140 cm (55 inches). The names “nut grass” and “nut sedge” – shared with the related species Cyperus esculentus – are derived from its tubers, that somewhat resemble nuts, although botanically they have nothing to do with nuts. The leaves sprout in ranks of three from the base of the plant, around 5–20 cm long. The flower stems have a triangular cross-section. The flower is bisexual and has three stamina and a three-stigma carpel, with the flower head having 3-8 unequal rays. The fruit is a three-angled achene.
|COMMAN NAME||Cypriol Oil|
|BOTANICAL NAME||Cyperus Scariosus|
|COLOR||Brownish Yellow to Brown|
|ODOUR||WOODY, EARTHY, LEATHRY|
|Refractive Index @ 20°C||1.498||1.52|
|Flash Point||122 °C|
|Density @ 20°C||0.97||0.995|
|cyprene Content||> 30 %|